Fruit contain various beneficial compounds that have biological activities and can be used as a source of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. Most fruit included in this review contain polyphenolic components that can promote antioxidant effects on human health. Additionally, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal and chemo preventive effects are associated with these fruit. Other chemicals such as anthocyanins, xanthones, carotenoids, and saponins, in addition to polyphenolics, have health benefits and can be used as nutraceutical and pharmaceutical components. In this review, information on different fruits is presented and discussed with regard to their biological activity of the major com-pounds existing in them. It can be concluded that although fruits are useful sources of nutraceutical and other pharmaceutical components. Fruit consumption is primarily intended to meet certain nutri-tional and catalytic requirements, whilst other dietary categories are intended to meet energetic re-quirements.