A field experiment was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Palem, Nagarkurnool, Southern Telangana Agro Climatic Zone of Telangana State during kharif 2018 and 2019 to study the influence of different sowing dates and integrated nutrient management on the soil microbial population, yield and economics of super early pigeonpea. The experiment was laid out in strip plot design for pigeonpea in kharif 2018 and 2019 with 3 main treatments i.e., M1 (1st July), M2 (20th July) and M3 (10th August) and four integrated nutrient management practices as sub treatments viz., S1: 75 % RDF, S2: 75 % RDF + FYM enriched with microbial consortia (1 tonne ha-1), S3: 100 % RDF and S4: 100 % RDF + FYM enriched with microbial consortia (1 tonne ha-1) and replicated thrice. Significantly, higher soil bacterial population observed at 50 per cent flowering stage was 67.3 and 73.3 x 105 cells g-1 and also at harvest stage was 53.7 and 60.3 x 105 cells g-1 during 2018 and 2019 respectively for July 1st sown super early pigeonpea. Highest seed and stover yield were 739 and 3402 kg ha-1 during 2018, 779 and 3527 kg ha-1 in 2019 with the July 1st sowing. Similar trend was also seen in the economics, the highest gross ( 42872 ha-1 in 2018 and 46720 ha-1 in 2019) and net returns ( 19472 ha-1 in 2018 and 23320 ha-1 in 2019) were realized with M1 (July 1st) treatment. The BCR was also found highest (1.83 in 2018 and 1.99 in 2019) with the July 1st (M1) sowing over the July 20th (M2) and August 10th (M3) sowing dates. In the sub treatments S4 (100 % RDF + FYM enriched with microbial consortia @ 1 tonne ha-1) reported highest bacterial population with 85.6 and 90.3 x 105 cells g-1 in 2018 and 2019 during 50 per cent flowering stage. At harvest stage also similar trend in the bacterial population was observed in the sub treatments. The bacterial population 69.2 and 76.2 x 105 cells g-1 recorded in 2018 and 2019 years respectively for application of 100 % RDF + FYM enriched with microbial consortia @ 1 tonne ha-1(S4). The sub treatment S4 revealed highest seed and stover yield with 724 and 3368 kg ha-1 in 2018 and 758 and 3453 kg ha-1 in 2019. Similarly highest gross ( 41973 ha-1 in 2018 and 45500 ha-1 in 2019) and net returns ( 16323 ha-1 in 2018 and 19850 ha-1 in 2019) were realized with application of 100 % RDF + FYM enriched with microbial consortia @ 1 tonne ha-1(S4) compared to the INM sub treatments. BCR recorded significantly highest for the sub treatment S3 (100 % RDF) was 1.84 and 1.77 in 2018 and 2019 consecutive years and it was on par with S4 (100 % RDF + FYM enriched with microbial consortia @ 1 tonne ha-1).