Journal ID : AMA-05-08-2021-10503
[This article belongs to Volume - 50, Issue - 02]
Total View : 754

Title : Manufacturing and testing the performance of prototype for grading of dates

Abstract :

The specifications of locally produced orchard crop sorters are determined without the use of appropriate methods that take into account the graded materials, and design factors also affect the grading efficiency. A study was conducted on the possibility of using a prototype of a rotating drum screen sorter for grading data to determine optimal values ​​that affect design factors for grading efficiency. A rotating screen sorter with a 244x84 cm skeleton was constructed and tested during 2016 at a regional factory located in the city of Kafr Eleheikh. Maximizing the classification efficiency of the sorter represents a predictive response as a dependent variable. Box-Behnken is a three-factor, three-level method using the response surface methodology to determine the rotation speed, inclination angle, and supply speed on the rating efficiency. It is necessary to establish an interaction quadratic polynomial model generated by statistical design. Three different varieties representing date palms known in Egypt called Bartamuda, Grandilla and Shamiyya were selected and graded after studying their physical properties. The model created predicts rotational speed, tilt angle and feed rate levels, with 26.004 rpm, 4.720 degrees and 1 kg / min optimal for the maximum response of grading efficiency (61.669%) for Bartamuda species, respectively. For the maximum response of grading efficiency (77.327%) for Gandika varieties, 26.468 rpm, 1 degree and 1 kg / min were optimal, respectively, and grading efficiency (40.988%) for Shamiyya varieties.) Was optimal at 26.003 rpm, 1.085 degrees and 5 kg / min, respectively. These apparent differences in efficiency for each variety were entrusted with studying the correlation between the physical properties of these varieties and the maximal grading, and principal component analysis was performed. The results show that physical properties such as fruit thickness and spheroidity have the greatest negative effect on optimized grading efficiency. Properties such as bulk density have been shown to have a positive effect. This study dealt with all the factors that affect the efficiency of the rotating screen sorter for a certain number of days.

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