Journal ID : AMA-15-03-2023-12125
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 03]
Total View : 399

Title : Influence of Cultivation Practices and Varieties on Productivity and Profitability of Wheat-Rice Cropping System

Abstract :

A field experiment was carried out at Research Farm of Department of Agronomy and Rice and Wheat Research Centre (RWRC) Malan, Himachal Pradesh, India to study the “Influence of cultivation practices and varieties on productivity and profitability of wheat-rice cropping system”. Four tillage methods viz., reduced tillage, zero tillage, conventional tillage, and natural farming were applied to three varieties each of rice (HPR 1156 (Sukara Dhan 1), HPR 2656 (Him Palam Dhan 1) and HPR 2795 (Him Palam Lal Dhan 1)) and wheat (HPW 349, HPW 368, and HS 562) during winter 2019-20 to rainy 2021. The experiment was conducted in split-plot design. The experimental results revealed that conventional tillage resulted in a higher system equivalent yield of 8.15 t ha-1 and 8.19 t ha-1 at Palampur, and 8.54 t ha-1 and 8.37 t ha-1 at Malan during both years whereas among varieties, V3 (HS 562 fb Him Palam Lal Dhan 1) varieties of rice and wheat, resulted in a higher system equivalent yield during both years and at both locations, respectively. Higher values of economic indicators were recorded in conventional tillage among cultivation practices while lower values of economic indicators were recorded in natural farming treatment during both the years and in both the crops. Among the varieties, V3 (HS 562 fb Him Palam Lal Dhan 1) varieties of wheat and rice recorded higher values of economic indicators in rice-wheat system at both locations and during both years. Conclusively, for higher system productivity and profitability from the wheat-rice system, conventional tillage along with V3 (HS 562 fb Him Palam Lal Dhan 1) varieties must be adopted.

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