The country of India is renowned as the "Land of Villages." About 67 percent of India's population lives in villages. Their primary occupation is agriculture and agricultural-related activities. Agriculture is the largest and most important sector of our economy, employing over 70% of the Indian people. Agriculture is critical to the Indian economy. Although its contribution to GDP is currently roughly one-fifth of what it was, it employs 50 percent of the Indian workforce. Despite recent significant growth rates, India continues to face agricultural challenges. As a result, the purpose of this study will focus on agricultural productivity and its future possibilities. Some secondary data has been gathered in order to examine agriculture's realistic scenario and the government's numerous policy programmes. The goal of the study is to discover more about the state of Indian agriculture. They face a number of challenges and obstructions in the form of agro-industry and governments in order to develop agriculture in extreme circumstances, as well as learn about various government initiatives, investments, and policies for agricultural development, and the involvement of agriculture in the Indian economy.