Journal ID : AMA-18-04-2022-11310
[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 05]
Total View : 350

Title : Impact assessment of drip irrigation on field crops in India: A Review

Abstract :

Water is the foremost natural resource, which is continually expensive and limiting input particularly in arid and semi arid regions, hence needs judicious use to harvest the maximum benefit from this limiting resource. Indian farmers are now finding ways to move from traditional practices to ultramodern technologies for crop production. Lately, drip irrigation is getting positive reception, acceptance, and adoption and plays a significant role in saving the water in water scarce areas. It enables the efficient utilization of limited water with improved water use efficiency. Adaptation of drip irrigation in major field crops of India like wheat, maize, sugarcane, legumes, oilseeds, seed spices is gaining momentum because of its higher productivity. By introducing drip irrigation, it is possible to increase the yield potential of crops by three times with the same amount of water. Enough experimental evidence is available from various parts of the country to suggest that drip technology saves water in comparison to surface method of irrigation from 18.7 to 47.7% in orchards and fruits, 2.1 to 42.9% in field crops, 11.9 to 38% in vegetable crops, 14.3 to 51.3% in root, bulb and tuber crops, 12 to 56% in plantation crops, 36.7 to 46.7% in spice crops and 41.4 % in flowers in a appropriately designed and managed drip irrigation system. Therefore, optimum irrigation levels with drip system would help in enhancing the economic yield as well as water use efficiency of field crops.

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