In manufacturing operations, oil performs a significant function in reducing friction and wear among interacting surfaces at varying velocities, loads as well as temperature. Hydrocarbon oil is considered the core origin for lube oils, although this base has been limited in its use as it is a principal cause of pollution. This research focused on identifying a biodegradable base-oil lubricant that possesses a stable coefficient of friction and viscosity with temperature. Friction analysis was conducted, employing a pin on disk tribotester with a fixed load of 10 N and varying sliding speeds of 0.06 m/s to 0.34 m/s. Oil viscosity analysis was also carried out at room temperature using a rotary viscometer. The tests were performed on canola oil and paraffin oil lubricants. The results of the test indicated that the viscosity of canola oil was more efficient than paraffin oil. The non-dimensional characteristic number according to the Stribeck curve revealed an elasto-hydrodynamic lubrication regime with canola oil lubrication. In comparing both lubricants, the friction efficiency demonstrated by canola oil and paraffin oil did not differ greatly. However, the friction for canola oil was observed to decrease more than for paraffin oil at an elevated sliding speed. The tests confirmed that canola oil was potent in minimizing coefficient of friction of SCM 440 bodies interacting with one another as well as acted upon by load and speed.