Journal ID : AMA-04-11-2022-11787
[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 11]
Total View : 432

Title : EFFECTS EVALUATION OF BOTANICALS, BIO-AGENTS AND FUNGICIDES AGAINST Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri CAUSING WILT DISEASE IN SUSCEPTIBLE VARIETY OF CHICKPEA (JG- 62) UNDER IN-VIVO (POT CULTURE) CONDITION

Abstract :

Pulse crops play an important role in Indian agriculture, besides being rich in protein, they sustain the productivity of the cropping system. Ascochyta blight, Fusarium wilt and dry root rot are major diseases of chickpea. Among of all these the wilt disease of chickpea which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri has been considered as divesting one to cause 10 to cent percent loss in yield of chickpea. This pot experiment was conducted for two consecutive years of 2019-20 and 2020-21 in completely randomized design with four replications and five treatments included its suitable control in pot culture under field conditions (in-vivo). The seed of highly wilt susceptible variety (JG- 62) of chickpea was taken for this investigation.It was valuated that only two botanicals viz., Azadirachta indica and Parthenium hysterophorus were found most effective in reducing the wilt incidence disease 4.25 and 5.37 percent, respectively, along with this seed germination percentage and seedling emergence was found also higher in Azadirachta indica as 23.00 and 19.25 percent, respectively followed by Parthen in compression of Lantana camara and Argemone mexicana. In case of bio-agents results were valuated that’s, only two bio-agents viz., Trichoderma viride and T. harzianum were found most effective in reducing the wilt incidence disease by 4.75 and 5.50 percent, respectively, along with this seed germination percentage and seedling emergence was found maximum in Trichoderma viride as23.87 and 22.25 percent, respectively followed by T. harzianum as 21.5 and 18.62 percent, respectively in compression of T. hamatum and T. koningiiand in the case of fungicides, results were revaluated that’s, only two fungicides of different groups viz., Carbendazim 12% + Mancozeb 63% (combi-fungicides) and Carbendazim (systemic fungicide) were found most effective in reducing the wilt incidence disease 1.50 and 2.62 percent, respectively, along with this seed germination percentage and seedling emergence was found maximum in Carbendazim 12% + Mancozeb 63% as 24.25 and 22.75 percent, respectively followed by Carbendazim as 23.25 and 21.62 percent, respectively. Minimum effectiveness was recorded in non-systemic fungicide namely Chlorothalonil 75% WP during this investigation into the pot culture under in-vivo (field conditions).

Full article