Journal ID : AMA-09-09-2023-12578
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 09]
Total View : 447

Title : Effect of Secondary Host on Santalum Album L. (Indian Sandalwood) Heartwood and Oil Content in Northern Transitional Agroclimatic Zone of Karnataka in Peninsular India

Abstract :

A Study conducted from 2018 to 2021 at the College of Forestry in Sirsi focused on the sandalwood tree (Santalum album L.) within Agroforestry systems in Karnataka. The primary objectives were to assess the impact of secondary host plants on heartwood development and to measure the oil content of sandalwood trees across various agroforestry systems in Karnataka's Belagavi district. The clear bole height of sandalwood trees exhibited a significant 26.82% increase when paired with Emblica officinalis, surpassing other host trees, including Grevillea robusta (14.28%), after eight years of plantation. In terms of heartwood content, the greatest enhancement, at 59.57%, occurred in sandalwood trees associated with Casuarina equisetifolia, followed by Sesbania grandiflora at 50.35% as host trees. Regarding oil content, there was a substantial 73.49% increase in sandalwood trees hosted by Casuarina equisetifolia, with Sesbania grandiflora showing a notable 65.07% increase. Significantly higher oil content was observed with Casuarina equisetifolia (0.83%), similar to Sesbania grandiflora (0.63%), and ahead of Cocus nucifera (0.57%).

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