The purpose of this study was to examine the horticultural performance, including leaf nutrition, of Kinnow mandarin budded on ten rootstocks in the Punjab state of India. Kinnow mandarin plants budded on Volkamer lemon demonstrated the most vigorous development (3.13 m tree height and 14.54 m3 tree volume), although TCSA was greatest (7.30 m2) on Rough lemon and NRCC-6, with no noticeable difference between NRCC-2, NRCC-3, Volkamer lemon, NRCC-4, and Carrizo. The maximum quantity of fruits per tree (494.0) was obtained from NRCC-6, which was statistically equivalent to Carrizo (490.5), however, the fruit with the thickest rind was gathered from NRCC-2 (3.88 mm) followed by NRCC-6 (3.71 mm). Carrizo had the highest juice content (57.72 percent), followed by NRCC-1 (54.58 percent); nevertheless, Rough lemon had the most pulp percentage (17.71 percent) and NRCC-6 had the lowest pulp content (13.09 five percent). Kinnow mandarin induced the highest TSS (11.3°Brix) using NRCC-1 rootstock, followed by CRH-12 (11.07°Brix). The combination of Kinnow- Volkamer and Kinnow- NRCC-3 had the lowest acid content (0.64 percent), followed by the combination of Kinnow- NRCC-6 (0.68 percent). Leaf nutrient status revealed that Rough lemon had the highest nitrogen accumulation (2.74 percent), followed by Volkamer lemon (0.94 percent), NRCC-2 (1.08 percent) potassium, Carrizo (472.67 ppm) iron, NRCC-4 (64.01 ppm) zinc, and CRH-12 (manganese) (12.72 ppm). This research will aid future tests and the search for a replacement for Rough lemon.