Journal ID : AMA-19-09-2021-10726
[This article belongs to Volume - 52, Issue - 01]
Total View : 423

Title : Effect of irrigation scheduling on growth, yield and wateruse efficiency of Shatavar (Asparagus racemosus)

Abstract :

Asparagus racemosus belonging to family Liliaceae and commonly known as Shatavar, Shatavari, Satmuli, is a perennial climber found in the tropical and subtropical parts of India. Its tubers contain pharmaceutically active ingredients (steroidal saponins) and thus used in both traditional and modern system of medicines. In ayurvedic system of medicines, it is used as a galactagogue, aphrodisiac, anodyne, diuretic, antispasmodic and nervine tonic. The present investigation was conducted to assess the effect of irrigation scheduling on growth and yield of Shatavar. The experiment was conducted under Randomized Block Design with ten treatments and three replications. In the present study, 3 irrigation water depths i.e., 40mm, 50mm and 60mm were used to achieve IW and CPE ratio of 0.75, 1.0 and 1.25 in each depth. Maximum dry tuber yield ha-1 of 3.30 ton was recorded, when 60mm irrigation was given at IW/CPE of 1.00 (T9) but was statistically alike to T10 (3.10 ton) and T8 (3.01 ton). Minimum dry tuber yield ha-1 of 1.63 ton was observed in rainfed (control). Irrigation at 60mm depth given at IW, CPE=0.75 is beneficial to increase tuber yield based upon comparable yield and less water consumption. The crop can be grown as rainfed based on non-significant difference in WUE in different irrigation schedules.

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