This paper studies the cost and returns of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) crop production in Banda District of Bundelkhand Region (U.P.). It attempts to estimates the cost of cultivation, cost of production and benefit cost ratio (BCR) of chickpea crops of different categories of chickpea growers they were categorized into four groups on the basis of their size of holdings and also 120 farmers were selected purposively for the study. The analysis of chickpea cultivation indicates that the cost of cultivation, cost of production, net return and Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), which increases with increases the size of farms. The average of cost and returns indicates that the total of chickpea cultivation was incurred in Rs.35941.05/ha. and net income was received Rs. 23103.82/ha. by the farmers. Further the average Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) was estimated 1:1.64, which also indicates that the per unit profits earn by the growers from chickpea production in the Banda District.