Journal ID : AMA-20-02-2023-12032
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 02]
Total View : 473

Title : Designing of Moringa incorporated instant food product

Abstract :

Standardization of nutritious and organoleptically suitable food products with market available foods is a challenge for food scientists and entrepreneurs. However, the benefits of such food-based strategies to prevent micronutrient malnutrition are manifold. Indian diets provide mostly non-heme iron, which is very poorly absorbed (only 2-20% bioavailability). Women in developing countries often consume inadequate amounts of micronutrients because of their limited intake of animal products, fruits, vegetables, and fortified foods. Intakes of micronutrients less than the recommended values increase a woman’s risk of having micronutrient deficiencies. The adverse effects of deficiencies in vitamin A, iron, and folic acid, including night-blindness in pregnant and lactating women and iron-deficiency anemia, are well known. Low intakes of nutrients including zinc, calcium, riboflavin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12, also have consequences for women’s health, pregnancy outcome, and the health and nutritional status of breastfed children. Multiple deficiencies coexist, so the benefit of multiple micronutrient supplements is becoming increasingly apparent. These issues need to be discussed and guidance be provided on the selection of appropriate food for women of reproductive age in developing countries. In the study, Optimization of process parameters via RSM Box-Behnken design was done and based on the same product was finalised. The results of the present study indicated that inspite of nutrient losses, there is enough β-carotene retained in the developed instant dip drink food product to help in the eradication of several micronutrient deficiencies. It is need of the hour to promote moringa incorporation into the diet in India for a long way towards not only in alleviating micronutrient deficiencies, but also towards the development of functional foods for various chronic degenerative disorders. These efforts could also be an additional source of income generation, employment and export opportunities.

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