Journal ID : AMA-23-08-2021-10641
[This article belongs to Volume - 52, Issue - 01]
Total View : 463

Title : Computational Analysis of the Water Quality and Eutrophication Status Using Water Quality Index of Gharana Wetland Reserves in Jammu (J&K), India

Abstract :

Gharana is a small wetland near the international border of India with Pakistan in the RS Pura sector of Jammu, J&K having an area of 0.75 sq. Km. The wetland is facing a severe threat of pollution through various sources which make it unsuitable for feeding and swimming of fish and bird fauna. The main objectives of this paper are to assess the water quality and eutrophication status of the wetland. Water quality monitoring and analysis of the wetland were carried out from 2015 to 2018. The wetland water quality was assessed as per the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) standards for drinking purposes, which showed that all the parameters except turbidity were found within the permissible limit. Physico-Chemical analyses of soil and water have been performed and correlation analysis of water quality parameters has been done. The observed data is very limited therefore, getting biased results on applying any computation method is highly likely. Therefore, this study primarily focuses on analyzing the principal contributors in affecting the water quality index. This research uses R programming for experiments and analysis. The results showed that water samples of pre-monsoon fall under the category of very poor water quality while that of post-monsoon fall under the category of unsuitable for drinking. The water quality index readings ranged from 58.92 to 106.66. The lesser minerals in the water also indicated that the water has had less time in contact with the rocks. Further, the analysis of soil samples showed high content of macronutrients viz., nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. The eutrophication status of the wetland has been assessed using phosphate data which showed that it is facing the problem of eutrophication which is indicating a necessity of taking regular measures for conservation and restoration.

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