Journal ID : AMA-08-10-2022-11724
[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 10]
Total View : 389

Title : Computational Analysis for Assessment of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Status and its Implications on Empowerment of Gujjar Tribe in Shiwalik Himalayas of Jammu & Kashmir, India

Abstract :

Pure and Safe water and sanitation facilities are the basic requirements for better hygiene and overall development of any society and community but still many communities are devoid of such basic needs. The overall situation is worst in developing countries in general and among the backward and tribal communities in particular. Therefore, it is the need of the hour to examine and investigate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) conditions for the empowerment of the Gujjar tribe that still practices transhumance. To explore WaSH conditions and enhance the empowerment of the tribe, WaSH Index (WI) and Empowerment in Wash Index (EWI) have been proposed in this research work by using a set of suitable indicators from four clusters of dwellings of this tribe. Unfortunately, none of the clusters was found to have an acceptable level of WaSH score. All the selected clusters were reported to have WaSH scores between 5.8 and 6.0. The study further revealed that only 18.5% of households were having better WaSH scores, whereas 34% of households were having poor WaSH scores. The poor WaSH score in alliance with the poor EWI score is largely attributed to (or controlled by) the quality of occupation, educational status, and household type. The present study revealed that 37% of the sampled households in the four clusters were found to be below the poverty line and involved only in primary occupations. The present study will have a broader implication for policymakers and tribal activists in meeting the goals to achieve an acceptable level of WaSH score among the tribe.

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