Journal ID : AMA-11-09-2021-10711
[This article belongs to Volume - 52, Issue - 01]
Total View : 332

Title : Combining ability and component analysis in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Abstract :

In the present study a diallel set of 9 x 9 was attempted by crossing nine bread wheat genotypes in all possible combinations excluding reciprocals. The mean squares of nine diverse parents and 36F1s due to GCA and SCA component were significant for all the thirteen traits. These outcomes show the importance of additive variance in the inheritance of all the traits. The comparative importance of additive and non-additive components was revealed by checking the components of variance (s²g and s²s), heritability in broad-sense (Hb), narrow-sense (Hn) and gca/sca ratio. The magnitude of GCA component (s²g) and gca/sca ratio was higher for plant height and peduncle length, indicating that these two traits were under the control of additive genetic variance and all the others traits were controlled by non-additive genetic component. Based on general combining ability effects and per se performance, parents WH1184, HD3086 and HD3059 were found the good general combiners for grain yield per plant. On the basis of per se performance and SCA effects the crosses viz., HD2967 × WH1184 and HD3059 × Raj3765 were found as good specific cross combination. These crosses can be extensively used in further breeding programmes to develop superior pure lines.

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