Several empirical studies have assessed the impacts of transgenic crops on farms and overall in industrialized and developing nations, although there is significant opposition in the larger audience. Particularly, questions have been raised over the environmental, medical, and social impacts of transgenic crops in developing nations. By examining the consequences of insect-resistant transgenic cotton in India and drawing on several years' worth of data, this study fills in some of these knowledge gaps. The findings show that Bt technology is quite popular in India. By reducing their use of pesticides, increasing their yields, and increasing their profitability, adopting farmers have experienced tremendous gains. These results, which are based on a distinctive dataset, extend and confirm earlier research on the effects of Bt cotton in India and other poor nations. The majorities of growers were in favour of growing bt cotton and intended to continue doing so in the future. They believed that the intense bt cotton production would have significant social, economic, environmental, ethical, and biosafety ramifications in the near future. This data on bt cotton growers' perceptions and experiences will help researchers, extension workers, and policymakers develop effective strategies for both current bt cotton and upcoming transgenic crops.