Journal ID : AMA-01-04-2022-11252
[This article belongs to Volume - 53, Issue - 04]
Total View : 442

Title : Adaptation: The only way to tackle the issues of Climate Change in Indian Himalayas

Abstract :

Himalayan regions are among the most affected climate change regions in the world. Understanding farmers' awareness and adaptation practices to climate change are necessary to enforce adequate agricultural policies and food security implementation. A total of 200 farmers were interviewed. Maximum respondents (67%) were fully aware of the phenomenon of irregular and erratic rainfall, increase in temperature (68%), reduction in snowfall (61.5%), and changes in water level of waterbodies (57.5%). To adapt to climate change, many respondents (92.5%) adopt drought-tolerant varieties, 91.5 per cent diversify from farming to non-farming activities, and 88 per cent of the farmers store fodder for animals in lean seasons of the year. The awareness level of farmers is significantly related to age, education, size of landholding, Information seeking behaviour, and farmers' socioeconomic status. Adaptation strategies to climate change have significant and positive correlation with landholding size, information-seeking behaviour, and farmers' socioeconomic status. The results may help the government facilitate location-specific research, policy formulation, and implementation in hilly regions for the sustainable future of farmers.

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