The availability of a broad variety of cultivars in many ornamental species has increased recently, particularly for attractive annuals, which are valuable commercially for their use as cut flowers, potted plants, loose flowers, and landscape gardening. The breeding of ornamental plants currently is a challenging endeavour with constantly evolving new obstacles. Modern genomic technologies provide opportunities for enhanced precision breeding and selection for harder-to-quantify features. Traditionally, the goals of ornamental breeding have been to increase resistance to biotic or abiotic stress, novelty, yield, and quality. But accomplishing these objectives has frequently necessitated tedious crossbreeding, and exact breeding methods have been underapplied. Developing scientific and commercial interest in ornamentals have been generated by recent developments in plant breeding techniques such as genome editing, somaclonal variation, chromosome doubling, molecular marker assisted breeding, mutation breeding etc., especially with regard to changing desirable plant features and creating new ornamental traits of the crops.