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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
26 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 09 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 09 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Estimation of Gene effects through Generation Mean Analysis and Validation of known markers associated with Zn content in rice through Bulked Segregant Analysis

Paper ID- AMA-13-09-2022-11671

Generation mean analysis investigation in rice was carried out to assess the gene action operating in the inheritance of yield, its components, and quality traits. Five basic generations viz., P1, P2, F1, F2, and F3 of three crosses, namely IET-25475 x IET-25477(Cross-I), GNR-7 x GNR-3 (Cross-II), and GAR-13 x IET-25477 (Cross-III) were studied. A scaling test was applied to test the adequacy of the additive-dominance model for the traits under investigation. The result of individual scaling tests C and D revealed that the additive-dominance model was found inadequate for the description of variation in generation mean for all the eleven traits of all three crosses. Based on five parameter model, the main effects viz., mean (m), additive (d), and dominance (h) and two digenic interactions, additive x additive (i) and dominance x dominance (l) were significant for days to flowering in cross-I; for productive tillers per plant in cross-I and cross-III; for grains per panicle and 100-grain weight in cross-II; for grain yield per plant in cross-II and cross-III; for straw yield per plant and amylose content in cross-I and cross-II and days to maturity, plant height, L: B ratio and Zn content in all crosses indicated that involvement of additive, dominance as well as epistasis interaction for controlling this trait. BSA was carried out to identify markers linked to Zn content using 235 plants from F2 segregating generation of GAR-13/IET-25477, two indica ecotypes with extreme Zn content. The parents were screened for polymorphism using fifty rice microsatellite primer pairs. Out of 50 SSR primers, only two were found able to discriminate both the parents (HIGH Zn content and low Zn content) sufficiently. Two markers (RM 21 and RM 248) were identified as linked to the Zn content gene through BSA.

Biological Activity of Some Plant Extracts Against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.(

Paper ID- AMA-11-09-2022-11669

Acacia farnesiana, Platychladus [Thuja] orientalis Endl, Swietenia mahogoni (Linn) Jaq and Pancratium maritimum are four plants growing in Egypt. Hexane and ethanol had been used to extract oils from tested plants. Leaves and seeds were used from A. farnesiana, and P. [Thuja] orientalis Endl and leaves from S. mahogoni (Linn) Jaq while bulbs were used from Pancratium maritimum. All extracted oils were evaluated on Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) biology. Plant oil extracted from Cassia seeds with ethanol had the strongest effect and decreased hatching to 0.5% with concentration of 5 grams crude extract/kilo gram seed and also had the strongest reduction with 100% reduction with the same concentration. All tested extracted oils had an effect against F1 progeny and after storage cassia leaves had the weakest effect and the extract had no effect on biology after two months of treatment. All tested extracted had a negative effect on seed germination and Arbor-vitae leaves had the most negative effect on cowpeas seeds with 75% germination.

Agricultural Sector: Status, Challenges and its Role in Indian Economy

Paper ID- AMA-10-09-2022-11668

In this study, we use a simple regression analysis to explore the relationship between agricultural inputs and agricultural GDP in the Indian economy from 1980–1981 to 2011-2021. The agricultural gross domestic product serves as the dependent variable, while fertilizers, net irrigated area, pesticides, electricity, rainfall, and the use of high yield varieties of seeds serve as the independent factors. Statistical analysis shows that factors influencing agricultural GDP from 1980–1981 to 2011-2021, such as fertilizers and net irrigated area, have little to no effect. Further, the study finds that variables including pesticides, electricity, rainfall, and seeds are statistically significant, leading researchers to conclude that they all had a major impact on agricultural GDP within the time frame under consideration. The authors argue that the government can influence the agricultural sector in two ways: by regulating inputs and by influencing outputs. The report emphasizes the need of revitalizing public sector investment because of its multiplier effect on the sector's total GCF. As a result, it is important to develop a long-term perspective strategy for rural infrastructure that prioritizes the most effective infrastructure projects.

Physical properties of Toy making species Givotia rottleriformis Griff.

Paper ID- AMA-07-09-2022-11663

The diminishing resources of Givotia rottleriformis in natural forest due to its excessive felling and natural poor regeneration. Since the wooden artisans are unable to meet the adequate amount of Poniki wood in toy manufacturing industries. The current study attempted to evaluate the physical properties of Givotia rottleriformis wood such as density, moisture content, water absorption, volumetric swelling and volumetric shrinkage as per IS:1708(1986) and comparison with other wood species like Bombax ceiba, Artocarpus hirsutus, Pterocarpus santalinus, Abies pindrow and Pinus roxburghii. It was found that Bombax ceiba has showed the similar wood physical properties such as density, water absorption, volumetric shrinkage and volumetric swelling apart from other wood species. Based on physical properties hence, it asserted that the Bombax ceiba wood can be suggested as alternate species used for toy making and can fulfil the deficit needs of wooden artisans.

Pharmaceutical and Nutraceutical values of fruit crops for human health: An overview

Paper ID- AMA-07-09-2022-11662

Fruit contain various beneficial compounds that have biological activities and can be used as a source of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. Most fruit included in this review contain polyphenolic components that can promote antioxidant effects on human health. Additionally, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal and chemo preventive effects are associated with these fruit. Other chemicals such as anthocyanins, xanthones, carotenoids, and saponins, in addition to polyphenolics, have health benefits and can be used as nutraceutical and pharmaceutical components. In this review, information on different fruits is presented and discussed with regard to their biological activity of the major com-pounds existing in them. It can be concluded that although fruits are useful sources of nutraceutical and other pharmaceutical components. Fruit consumption is primarily intended to meet certain nutri-tional and catalytic requirements, whilst other dietary categories are intended to meet energetic re-quirements.