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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Submission Deadline
18 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 04 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 04 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Interactions between domestic income and Sectoral transformation: A time series analysis of carpet industry in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir

Paper ID- AMA-04-02-2023-11991

Jammu and Kashmir is known to the world for its cultural heritage and shares much resemblance to the Middle Eastern countries like Iran. The cultural richness of the valley is showcased through various mediums and carpet is one the main reflections of it. The study attempted to analyze the impact of domestic income, horticulture output, political conflict and population growth on the carpet industry of Jammu and Kashmir. Taking annual time series data from 1990 onwards, the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is employed to estimate the long run and short run results. The empirical results indicate that domestic income negatively affecting the output of the carpet industry both in the long run as well as in the short run. Further, some sort of structural shift from primary commodities to secondary and tertiary sectors is visible from the econometric results. It is also revealed by the results that during political upheaval and lockdowns, the carpet industry provides a lifeline to support the local employment. The paradoxical findings arise due to fact that clampdown and terror has forced the people to look for safer jobs and at the same time to be closer to their families and relatives. The horticulture activities compliment the carpet output by releasing the labor in slack seasons. The whole diagnostic testing deducts that our model is robust and statistically significant. The theoretical properties driven out of this study can be used for policy analysis.

A study on Foreign Matters Analysis in lint grade of some Egyptian Cotton Varieties and their Effect on Fiber and yarn Quality

Paper ID- AMA-03-02-2023-11990

This study was carried out to investigate the effect of the cleaning process (cleaning and without cleaning) and lint grades six grades (G/FG, G, FGF/ G, FGF, GF/FGF and GF) on fiber quality (upper half mean length m.m.), uniformity index% fiber strength g/Tex and micronair value and yarn quality – C. V%-) of some extra-long-staple cotton varieties (Giza 93, Giza87, Giza92, Giza96, and Giza88) and some long-staple cotton verities (Giza86, giza94, giza97, giza90 and Giza 95) and their interaction. Results indicated that the difference between cleaning treatments’ upper half mean length (m.m), uniformity index%, fiber strength (g/Tex), Micronair, yarn strength, and yarn and yarn evenness (C.V%) were significant at all varieties of extra-long staple. Results showed that differences between lint grades six were significant. G/FG and G grades gave the best values for all studied traits, and GF gave the worst values for all these traits. Also, results indicated that the differences between verities were significant for all studied traits. The interaction between the cleaning process and verities on yarn strength and yarn evenness (C.V%) was significant.

EVALUATION OF THE EFFICACY OF NEW HERBICIDE FOR CONTROL OF BROADLEAVED WEEDS IN WHEAT UNDER MID HILL CONDITIONS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

Paper ID- AMA-03-02-2023-11988

Due to the absence of effective management techniques, weed infestation is one of the main biotic factors affecting wheat output and productivity. Herbicides are a crucial part of agricultural production systems because they are the quickest, cheapest, and most effective way to control weeds. Decrease in the use of herbicides without compromising yields can save production costs and environmental damage. Evaluation of herbicides and their mixtures were studied at the experimental farm of the Department of Agronomy, CSK HPKV, Palampur, to control the broad-leaf weed infestation in wheat. Findings exhibit that among the different herbicide treatments tested Halauxifen methyl Ester + Florasulam + Polyglycol recorded significantly higher growth and yield attributes of wheat which was statistically at par with Halauxifen-methyl + florasulam + carfentrazone + surfactant treatment while significantly lower growth and yield attributes of wheat was recorded in weedy check treatment. Higher yield (straw and grain) and weed control efficiency of wheat was recorded in Halauxifen-methyl + florasulam + carfentrazone + surfactant treatment while lower grain yield, straw yield and weed control efficiency was recorded in weedy check. Hence, highest gross returns (134.3 × 103 INR ha-1), net returns (91.4 × 103 INR ha-1) and B: C ratio (2.13) were obtained from Halauxifen-methyl + florasulam + carfentrazone + surfactant 10.21 + 20 g a.i. ha 1 treatment.

Information on Non-coding RNAs in the alleviation of biotic stress in rice

Paper ID- AMA-03-02-2023-11987

Rice is the major staple food crop across the globe. Rice productivity is hindered by several biotic and abiotic stresses, which cause serious damage to plant growth and yield losses. Understanding the regulatory molecular events and their biological mechanisms, which are interconnected through the molecular interaction process to minimize the yield losses caused by the occurrence of stress factors, is of great importance. In this study, the data on experimentally curated stress-responsive miRNAs and lncRNAs in rice were collected from the literature and stored in a database. The chromosome map, bipartite network, and blast options were developed for miRNA. The basic features of miRNA (402) and LncRNA (4,543) include miRNA, miRNA ID, position, chromosome no, sequence, regulation, and protein function. For LncRNA, gene ID, chromosome number, gene regulation strands for abiotic stress and transcript ID, chromosome number, gene regulation strands for biotic stress, chromoMap network, and blast options were included in the database.The database can be efficiently used for genetic engineering experiments such as the development of CRISPR/cas9 construct and generation of transgenic plants and also for molecular breeding, which would facilitate the development of high-yielding rice varieties with broad-spectrum biotic and abiotic stress tolerance.

Assessing the Carbon Sequestration and Oxygen Release Potential of Trees and Shrubs under High Density Plantation

Paper ID- AMA-02-02-2023-11983

Mixed tree plantations can be a good silvicultural alternative for climate change mitigation. The carbon sequestration estimated in trees and shrubs from the previous study indicated that there are certain tree species with high ability to fix atmospheric carbon dioxide into tree biomass. In order to understand how carbon storage and allocation patterns vary among different plantation types, the present study was carried out to compare the performance of two different plantation sites (BSA 1: 14 species of 10 families and BSA 2: 14 species including 7 trees and 7 shrubs of 11 families). Based on the results, the highest biomass accumulation was observed in BSA 1(6.82 tonnes of biomass per ha per year) and the lowest mean biomass production was observed in BSA 2 (3.10 tonnes of biomass per ha per year). Likewise, the highest total carbon sequestration and oxygen release potential was recorded in BSA 1 (4.26 tonnes of carbon per ha per year, 11.36 tonnes of oxygen per ha per year). The results revealed that out of two study areas studied, the experimental site with tree species showed better performance when compared to the site planted with trees and shrubs. Azadirachta indica, Thespesia populnea, Pongamia pinnata and Terminalia catappa were the tree species that contribute for high carbon sequestration in the BSA 1. The present study suggest that selection of correct choice of tree species for plantation would enhance more carbon sequestration, high oxygen release and improved environmental quality.