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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
26 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 06 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 06 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

EXPLORATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN THE EASTERN SLOPES OF NILGIRI BIOSPHERE RESERVE

Paper ID- AMA-31-05-2023-12305

Forest is an important natural resource for a healthy nation, as it contributes a lot to the overall development. Nilgiris which forms part of the biodiversity rich Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, harbours a lot of indigenous flora of excellent medicinal value and provides employment opportunities to the local community. The six tribal communities viz., Thodas, Kotas, Kurumbas, Irulas, Paniyas and Kattunayakas are present in this district and their traditional knowledge towards the use of medicinal plants in their day to day life were documented from the present study. A total of 66 medicinal plant species were explored from the present study using pre structured questionnaire and various PRA tools. Among the species documented, the maximum share was for trees with 30 species which recorded for various medicinal usages by these tribal communities and was followed by herbs (18 species), shrubs (12 species) and climbers (6 species) which were also assessed for various medicinal usages. Wild animals interference and the long distance to travel for collection, legal interference by the forest department and depletion of flora were recorded as the major problems during the collection of medicinal plants from the forest in that order. When disposing the medicinal plants, transport of the collected plants and lack of storage facilities were recorded as the major constraints.

Yield augmentation by organic drougt mitigation strategies in foxtail millet (Setaria italica) under total rainfed system

Paper ID- AMA-28-05-2023-12298

Traditional millets though rich in nutrition, are almost unnoticed and underutilized. They are mostly grown as rainfed crops in Southern district of India, with zero budgeting. Supply of minimum bioinputs for these crops would improve the yield and economic returns and help to sustain the livelihood of farmers. Certain organic inputs help in mitigating drought and conserve soil moisture, thereby improve productivity. Field experiments were taken up at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore to study the effect of organic practices in enhancing the productivity of foxtail millet under total rainfed condition. Different drought mitigation strategies which include application of PPFM, Panchagavya, Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Fungi and in situ weed mulching were laid out in RBD. Among these sources, application of PPFM @ 500 ml/ha has significantly increased the yield of organic foxtail millet and was comparable with the traditional input panchagavya. Increased net returns with maximum NPRI was noticed in this treatment which confirm the ability of PPFM to impart drought tolerance to crops grown without supplemental irrigation. PPFM may be advocated for increased yield and returns for organically grown foxtail millet under complete rainfed situations.

Impact of cyclone on phytology of tall coconut (Cocos nucifera L) genotypes in East coast province of India

Paper ID- AMA-28-05-2023-12297

The present study was extracted to address the adverse effects of cyclone on tall palms and recovery pattern of the tall coconut ecotypes. The trunk height was significantly higher in IC 599266 (9.28m) and lower in IC 599624 (8.22 m). The dense leaves were observed in IC 599264 with more number of scars in 1m (13.60 Nos. Longer leaflet was observed in IC 599664 (118.32cm) and shorter in IC 599265 (106.00) and the breadth of leaflet was broader in VPM4 (6.00cm) and leaner in IC599266 (4.53cm). The average length of inflorescence was 96.66 cm and 4 genotypes exceeded the grand mean which includes the two check varieties VPM 4 and ALR (CN)1. (CN)1. Positive correlation was observed between the number of leaves, number of female flowers, setting percent and the yield. The mean husked fruit weight was 464.62g with a deviation of 52.12g from the mean. Kernal thickness (2.40cm), Kernal weight (256.13g) and the copra content (137.70g) was the highest in IC 599264 compared to all the genotypes under study. The mean husked fruit weight was 464.62g with a deviation of 52.12g from the mean. Kernal thickness (2.40cm), Kernal weight (256.13g) and the copra content (137.70g) was the highest in IC 599264 compared to all the genotypes under study. The recovery response by this genotype indicates the adaptability to East Coast of Tamil Nadu.

METABOLOMIC PROFILING AND DROUGHT MITIGATION BY PINK PIGMENTED FACULTATIVE METHYLOTROPH (PPFM) IN BLACK GRAM

Paper ID- AMA-27-05-2023-12296

Black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] is a popular pulse crop in Asia that is severely affected by drought stress. It is known that the application of pink pigmented facultative methylotrophic bacteria (PPFM) enhances drought tolerance in agricultural crops. An experiment was conducted to explore the metabolomic profile associated with the foliar application of PPFM on drought stressed black gram plants. Spectrophotometric analysis revealed an increase in the osmolytes, fructan (6.50 mg/g) and proline (3.45 μM/g) in the leaf of PPFM treated plants under drought stress. Also, this treatment showed a high accumulation of antioxidants, carotenoids (45.63 μg/g) and tocopherol (9.67 μg/g) and significantly increased the grain yield. Gas chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis detected 34 metabolites in the PPFM treated leaves under drought stress of which the sugars, fructose, beta-D-allopyranose and beta-D-galactopyranose showed high accumulation. Nine metabolic pathways were found to be affected of which the glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolic pathway was most impacted. The results can facilitate further dissection of the mechanisms of drought tolerance contributed by PPFM.

Impact of Front Line Demonstration (FLD) on the Yield and Economics of Banana in Madurai District of Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-26-05-2023-12294

Tamil Nadu is the fourth highest banana producing state in the country. In the past five years, there has been 32% increase in banana production in the state. One of the major constraints of traditional farming is low productivity due to lack of recommended package of practices and high yielding varieties. To replace this inconsistency of practices, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Madurai conducted Front line demonstrations in the farmer’s field. Through frontline demonstration farmers were provided with all the basic inputs (improved practices). The technology adopted in his field is micronutrient spray @ 2% on 4th, 5th and 6th month’s interval from the date of planting. This resulted in higher yield than that obtained through the farmer’s practices. The average percentage of increase over farmers practice through this demonstration was recorded to be 11.9 percent during 2019-20 and 15.4 percent during 2020-21. The average extension gap in the improved practices was 15.0 q/ha during 2019-20 and 20.0 q/ha during 2020-21. The average technology gap in the improved technology was found to be 7.0 q/ha during 2019-20 and 5.0 q/ha during 2020-21.