AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
The experiment of present investigation was conducted to evaluate the 50 wheat genotypes (segregating population lines) along with 5 checks in Augmented Block Design at research farm of department of Genetics & Plant Breeding, school of agriculture, lovely professional university, phagwara, Punjab. The analysis of variance for 50 genotypes (segregating population-F4 generation) and 5 check varieties revealed that the treatments are highly significant for biological yield per plant, days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, ear length, harvest index. The phenotypic coefficient of variation was greater in magnitude than genotypic coefficient of variation for all the characters under study. High values for both the phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variation was observed in harvest index, biological yield per plant and ear weight. High heritability with high genetic advance was observed for characters such as days to maturity, days to 50% heading, Biological yield per plant, harvest index which indicates improvement in this traits directly done by direct selection.
The Present Study was carried out to assess the extent of farmer’s awareness towards various crop insurance schemes in Bhadrak district of Odisha. Agricultural production and farm incomes in India are frequently affected by natural disasters such as drought, floods, cyclone, storm, landslide, earthquake etc. Susceptibility of agriculture to these disasters is compounded by the outbreak of epidemics and man-made disasters such as fire, sale of spurious seeds, fertilizers and pesticides, price crashes, etc. All these events severely affect farmers through loss in production and farm income, and are beyond the control of farmers. With growing commercialization of agriculture, the magnitude of loss due to unfavourable eventualities is increasing. In recent times, mechanisms like contract farming and futures trading have been established which are expected to provide some insurance against price fluctuations directly or indirectly. But, agricultural insurance is considered an important mechanism to effectively address the risks to output and income resulting from various natural and manmade events.
Migration from rural areas to urban areas has become an inevitable phenomenon during the last two decades. Industrialization of urban areas, investment opportunities, growing service industry, food security, better health infrastructure, education facilities and growing aspirations are some of the factors responsible for the migration in India. Agriculture plays an important role in rural economy but this sector is not lucrative and as a result rural farming youths are currently more interested in going to cities for acquiring necessary skills for getting jobs in private sector rather than working in fields. This study was conducted in Hisar and Bhiwani districts of Haryana and a sample size of 196 rural youths (96 fully migrated + 96 partially migrated) were selected for the study. Findings revealed that unstable income, lesser employment, repeated crop failures were the push factors responsible for migration of rural youths. Higher wages, better jobs and better standard of livings in cities were the major pull factors motivating rural youths to migrate towards cities. Further, socio-economic & psychological variables such as age, education, farm size, non-farm skills, proximity to town, economic motivation, risk orientation, self-reliance & self confidence have positive and significant relationship with migration behaviour of rural youth whereas, income expectancy, comfort expectancy, stimulation expectancy and affiliation expectancy have significant but negative relationship with migration behaviour. Also, regression analysis showed that seventeen independent variables selected for the study could explain 59.40 per cent variation in the migration behaviour of rural youth.
Performance of Kinnow mandarin scion was assessed on eight different rootstocks in the rainfed condition of Jammu subtropics, Jammu & Kashmir (UT) of India to expand its cultivation and fruit availability for rural areas peoples. During investigation it was observed that Kinnow mandarin scion was attained the maximum plant highest (275cm), No of fruits (196.00), total yield (27.44kg/plant ), maximum TSS (11.33oBrix), total sugar (7.95%), reducing sugar (5.66%), non-reducing sugar (2.29%), ascorbic acid (25.25mg/100g) and lower content of acidity content (0.83%) was also obtained on jattikhatti rootstock, whereas the maximum plant spread [N-S=210.00 cm] and [E-W= 205.00 cm], fruit weight (145.00g), fruit length (5.72cm), fruit breath (6.85cm), No. of segment (11.66) and minimum no. of seed (20.00) and highest fruit juice content (55.89ml) was registered in Gargal rootstock. The highest peel weight (53.33g) and Peel thickness (2.40mm) was reported in Rangpur lime rootstock. Overall, it was observed that both Jattikhatti and Gargal can be considered a best rootstock in Jammu region to extend the Kinnow production and superior quality fruits.
Breeding for salinity tolerance crop varieties in oil seed crop like Taramira (Eruca sativa Mill.) is paramount important for sustainable oilseed production as well as self-sufficiency of Indian nation. This study was aimed to assess the effect of salinity on 8 different genotypes of taramira at seedling stage for 12 traits at seedling stage. The study revealed that the genotypes RTM-1351 and RTM-1355 showed tolerance and provided overall high stability results in higher salinity concentration. These genotypes might be useful for further invigorating the breeding programme and to broaden the genetic base of existing varieties of taramira crop to increase productivity.