AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal
The aimed of research to find was treatment organic matter (sugar cane bagas) and non non organic matter to water capacity of soil to soybean, to find the optimal soil moisture of the alfisol soil with organic matter (sugar cane bagas) and non-organic matter (sugar cane bagas) what are available to crop growth and yield. The results show that there is a significant interaction between the treatment of organic material and the water volume on the dry weight of the total of plant (the age is 2 weeks after planting), the ratio of wide leaf (the age is 2 and 4 weeks after planting), and the number of seeds. On the other hand, there is no interaction with other components. The treatment of water volume has real influence and it is really seen on all growth components and products except for the relative rapid growth of plant which has the weight of 100 seeds and harvest index. The best treatment of water volume is seen on the giving of water volume on field capacity and 500 ml. On the other hand, the treatments of organic matter tend to show a good result rather than without giving organic matter even though most of them are not real.
To counter climate change and achieve sustainable agriculture goals, farmers must follow sustainable agriculture practices. Several factors have been described as influencing farmers' decisions to adopt sustainable agricultural practices, but adoption remains poor, especially in Africa. Based on the theory of planned behavior extended with constructs from the Norms Activation Theory, we investigate the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices by cocoa farmers in Côte d'Ivoire. The data was derived from a survey of 570 cocoa farmers conducted in 2020. We used structural equation model (SEM) to look for correlations between variables. The results indicate that subjective norm, personal norm, attitude, and perceived behavioral control are significantly positively correlated with farmers' Intention toward Sustainable Agricultural Practices and that farmers' personal ecological norm is affected both by the Awareness of the consequences of their action and their subjective norm when their attitude is only affected by Awareness of the consequences.
Brinjal, Solanum melongena Linnaeus belongs to family solanaceae also known Eggplant or Baingan and it is the most important widely grown vegetable both for raw and cooked purpose and attack by the major and serious pest known asbrinjal shoot and fruit borer [Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)] which is responsible for causing up to 37-100% damage as well as quality and quantity loss in brinjal. In order to manage this problem, farmers still depends on the pesticides, but excessive use of pesticides has resulted residues in the food chain, phytotoxicity, pesticide resistance, pest resurgence, bioaccumulation and secondary pest outbreak, in addition to causing harmful effect on the environment and non-targeted beneficial organisms. Here, we reviewed the sustainable approaches to reduce the incidence of brinjal shoot andfruit borer toachieve sustainability in brinjalproduction technology through the implementation of integrated approaches. We found that following major points have been reported to reduce the survival and damage of shoot and fruit borer: (1) use of resistant varieties (2) implementing a number of cultural practices, such as sowing time,plant density, inter/mixed/relay crops (coriander, clustrebean fennel, chilly, redhuni, radish, mint, onion, clover, fenugreek, maizeand African marigold), avoid ratooning of crop, collection and destruction of dried shoot tips and damaged fruits, mechanical practices as barriers and installing bird perches(3) monitoringthrough the pheromone traps(4) spraying repellent made up of neem seed kernel (NSK). Hence, integration of all these approaches in a unified manner has exposed more good results for sustainable management of shoot and fruit borer. This review highlights examples of successful management approaches from the past studies that were implemented in experimental trials and farmers’ fields. We concluded that an integrated approach is the most effective for long-term sustainable and eco-friendly management programs for shoot and fruit borer.
The plastic roller cup feeding and weighing mechanism of the automatic sowing and fertilizing drill was improved for sowing between wheat chickpea (2: 1) and wheat mustard (3: 1). Weighing rollers were selected based on seed shape and size and the number of cells in the periphery. Different types of seed flow from each cup feeding roller were achieved by splitting the seed hopper in separate compartments. For the selection of weighing mechanism, calibration was performed among the seven available cup feeding weighing rollers with different combinations of seed box exposure lengths. The improved intercropping seed drill was calibrated in the laboratory for the required seed rate. The seed rate for wheat-chickpea intercropping is 75 kg / ha for wheat with 4 rollers and 25 kg / ha for chickpeas with 5 rollers on a seed box exposure scale of 7. I found out. The required seed rate for wheat-mustard cropping is 75 kg / ha for wheat with 4 rollers and 6 kg / ha for mustard with 7 rollers on the seed box exposure scale. It turned out. The effective field capacity of the sowing and fertilizing drill for chickpeas was 0.42 ha / h, and that for the mustard mustard intercropping was 0.47 ha / h. As a result of agricultural studies, wheat-chickpea (2: 1) intercropping was performed better than wheat-mustard (3: 1) intercropping and single crops.
A single locking cotton feeder was designed to maintain a constant feed rate of individual pods at the ginning point of the double roller (DR) cotton gin. It consists of a pair of feed rollers, spike cylinders, grids, feed hoppers and distribution chutes. The spike cylinder has spikes, the tips of which are closer to the supply roller than the fixed thickness of cotton and have a ginning interval. The spike cylinder travels at a linear speed greater than the feed roller, whereby the cotton pods held between the feed rollers are hit by the spikes of the spike cylinder, thus ensuring a single locking of the cotton. The effect of single locking on the ginning efficiency of the DR cotton gin was investigated. The degree of unlocking was determined by measuring the change in cotton bulk density before and after passing through the feeder, which decreases with increasing spike cylinder speed. It was found that the DR cotton gin output was increased by 15 to 20% by adopting a single locking compared to the conventional feeding system consisting of an auto feeder and a micro feeder. Cotton quality was also found to improve in color grade. A single locking feeder has proved to be very useful in the cotton gin industry in India.