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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption

Submission Deadline
04 Dec 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 12 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Dec 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 12 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Optimizing Tillage cum Crop Establishment Methods and Nutrient Management Strategies on Crop Productivity, Nutrient Use Efficiency and Grain Quality of Rice (Oryza sativa L) in Typic Ustochrept Soils

Paper ID- AMA-14-03-2022-11217

The current research was conducted in 2019 and 2020 during rainy (Kharif) seasons to determine various tillage crop establishment methods and nutrient management strategies that could be used to drastically reduce on various field inputs viz., water and nutrients for enhancing productivity, nutrient use efficiency and grain quality of Rice (Oryza Sativa L) in Typic Ustochrept soils. The outcomes revealed that conventional puddled transplanted rice (E1, CT-TPR) was recorded significantly higher grain yield (40.4 & 41.3 q ha-1), straw yield (62.7 & 63.8 q ha-1) than wide bed transplanted rice (E2, W Bed-TPR) While yield attributes, nutrient use efficiency and quality parameters of the rice grains were increased in E2 than E1 plots, during both years. The improvement in the grain yield was about 4.39 % and 4.03 per cent under E1 than E2 respectively. Among nutrient management treatments, higher crop yield and ANUE were recorded with the application of 100% RDF+FYM (5tha-1)+PSB(5kgha-1)+Azotobactor 20kgha-1 +ZnSO4 25kgha-1 (N6) over rest of the other treatments. The PNUE values ranged from 53.0 to 97.1 kg grain/kg N absorption, with the PNUE values falling as the N doses rose sharply and moreover higher PFP at STCR based NPK application + ZnSO4 25kgha-1 with 52.6% respectively. Results also indicated that quality of rice, higher value of minimum cooking time, elongation ration and water uptakes ratio were found in N6 treatment. Therefore, the study reveals that conservation tillage and nutrient management strategies may be more realistic solutions for sustaining the productivity and quality of rice crop.

An Assessment of in- Service Training Needs for Extension Functionaries in Kota Division of Rajasthan

Paper ID- AMA-12-03-2022-11213

The changing scenario in agriculture, economy and communication has also increased the need for improving the skills of extension personnel. The first step in improving the skills of extension personnel would be to assess their training needs. The study was conducted in the year 2020-21. The present study was conducted in the Department of Agricultural extension and communication and the Kota division of Rajasthan was purposively selected for the study. The respondents were the Agricultural extension functionaries and the sample size was 130. The important training needs aspects were subject matter and extension ability. The important training need areas identified in order of importance are Soil science, Agronomy Marketing, Govt. polices and post harvesting technology, Plant protection and Extension ability. As the training needs of extension personnel changed over time, hence, training needs assessment should also be done on a regular basis and the important areas in which the extension personnel needs training should be considered while planning training for the extension personnel. Thus, appropriate measures should be taken by the department and other training institutions in addressing their grievances.

Effect of Genotypes under Varying Fertility Levels and Bio-fertilizer Inoculation on Nutrient Content, Nutrient Soil Status and Quality of Mustard {Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss.}

Paper ID- AMA-12-03-2022-11211

Mustard is second most important edible oil seed crop after soybean and known by the name of Indian mustard. It’s very useful for human health and making food. There were several genotypes, fertilizer and bio-fertilizer are used in this experiment. The objective of this experiment is that response of genotypes and bio-fertilizer on yield of mustard. The experiment was conducted in Rabi October 2020 in humid and sub humid condition. The experiment used a factorial randomized block design with three replications and two factors. The first factor was four genotypes of mustard (Bio-902, Giriraj, RH-0749 and NRCHB-101) and second factor was four fertility levels (75% RDF, 100% RDF, 75% RDF + Bio-fertilizer and 100% RDF + Bio-fertilizer). The maximum seed yield, nutrient uptake, available nutrient in soil and oil content were obtained under the genotype Giriraj and fertilizer 100 % RDF + Bio-fertilizer. Hence, genotype Giriraj with the application of 100% RDF + Bio-fertilizer were proved economically viable in mustard crop under prevailing agro-climatic conditions of Rajasthan.

Cultural, Morphological and molecular variability among the surveyed isolates of Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht causing wilt of isabgol

Paper ID- AMA-12-03-2022-11210

Fusarium wilt becomes a serious problem in isabgol growing agro climatic zones of Rajasthan. This study was undertaken to identify and characterisation through morphological, cultural and to determine the genetic diversity of isolates of Fusarium oxysporum. Among the isolates, maximum growth and sporulation was recorded in UDP Fo-1 showed 90 mm colony diameter with whitish orange irregular fluffy growth with yellowish pigmentation and 4.20x106 conidia/mm2 sporulation. Whereas Isolate SRH Fo-1 showed minimum growth 65.0 mm colony diameter with white plenty mycelium irregular growth with light yellow pigmentation with 2.2x106 conidia/mm2. Molecular characterisation based on the reproducibility of the PCR amplification. RAPD is an effective tool to differentiate geographically and genetically isolated populations. The PCR result from 10 RAPD primers was repeated three times to assess reproducibly. By using 10 RAPD primers, a total of 112 reproducible bands were amplified, out of which 88 (78.5%) were polymorphic and 24 (21.42%) were monomorphic. Similarity coefficient among the isolates ranged from 1.9 per cent (CHI Fo-1 and UDP Fo-1) to 74.6 per cent (PRA Fo2 and CHI Fo1). Genetic similarity coefficient was found relatively low among all the isolates, which ranged from 0.012 to 0.74. The maximum similarity value (0.746) was obtained between isolates PRA Fo2 and CHI Fo1, both of which belong to Pratapgarh and Chittorgarh.

Breeding Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch. Ex Poir) for High β – Carotene Content through High Performance Liquid Chromatography Analysis

Paper ID- AMA-12-03-2022-11208

There is a diverse variety of pumpkin types found in nature, and their potential as a source of pro-vitamin A can be evaluated with the goal of using them in traditional plant breeding or biofortification projects with the goal of increasing the beta-carotene content. The objective of the study was to determine the β-carotene contents in locally available varieties and their hybrids (L x T fashion) of fully ripened pumpkins to verify their use in further breeding program as parents. High Performance Liquid Chromatography were used to identify and quantify the β-carotene contents in. In this study carotene content in pumpkin fruit flesh varied from 4.70 µg per g (L2) to 24.57 µg per g (L4) in lines whereas in testers it ranged from 7.73 µg per g (T3) to 11.59 µg per g (T2). Among the 18 crosses of study, the lowest and highest values of β carotene content recorded by the crosses L4 x T1 (2.54 µg per g) and L3 x T2 (89.60 µg per g) respectively. In total, six hybrids exceeded the parents in their β carotene content above the mean value (20.57 µg per g). The highest carotene content recorded by L3 x T2 (89.60 µg per g) followed by L1 x T1 (40.32 µg per g) and L2 x T2 (28.06 µg per g).