WOS Indexed (2024)
clarivate analytics

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
26 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 06 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 06 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Repellent and contact activities of Techno oil and Berna star against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Rhyzopertha dominica (F.).

Paper ID- AMA-14-09-2022-11678

Techno oil and Berna star are two plant extracted products which are used as safe pesticides. Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) are two major stored product insects. The two tested products were evaluated against R. dominica and T. castaneum adults using two bioassays evaluating their repellency and contact effects. Berna star had stronger repellent activity against T. castaneum. In contrast, Techno oil had the greatest repellency against R. dominica. Furthermore in thin film method Berna star had stronger effect against the two tested insects compared to Techno oil at all exposure periods. After 24 h of exposure the two components had no effect on T. castaneum while after 72 h of exposure the mortality was 100% with all concentrations for R. dominica for two tested components. Using mixing with medium method there was no effect on T. castaneum before 7 days for both tested components, while for R. dominica both tested components had toxicity effect for all used concentrations. For R. dominica after one, three and four days of exposure Techno oil had the stronger effect while for T. castaneum Berna star had stronger effect at all exposure periods. Based on LT50 with the highest concentration (40000 mg/kg) Berna star had stronger effect on both tested insects with LT50 of 6.06 and 1.41 h for T. castaneum and R. dominica respectively. Both tested products achieved 100% reduction against the two tested insects.

Eco physiology of litchi in relation to variable climatic factors

Paper ID- AMA-14-09-2022-11676

The main emphasis was given on the effects of the environmental factors viz: light, temperature, water and gaseous exchange parameters on physiology of litchi production. Environmental stresses can cause morpho-anatomical, physiological and biochemical changes in crops, resulting in a strong profit reduction. The interest has shown on the effect of temperature during panicle emergence, flower development and fruit sun burn and cracking. The stress factors like water stress, cold winter are the triggering factors to induce dormancy which promotes flowering. High temperature and low humidity during fruit growth increases sun burn and fruit cracking. Water stress during fruiting is vulnerable with respect to fruit drop. Understanding environmental factors and their interaction with physiological processes is extremely important for economically sustainable litchi production.

Effect of New Plant Growth Regulator Prohexadione-Ca on Horticultural Crops

Paper ID- AMA-14-09-2022-11675

Prohexadione-Ca is a plant bioregulator primarily used to suppress excessive vegetative growth in fruit trees and other crops. It is most effective in high density plantings to reduce and control crown growth and height. In addition, effects on the occurrence of bacterial and fungal diseases and on insect pests are often observed. In addition, this may reduce fruit abortion and thereby increase fruit set. It is relatively short-lived and has very favorable toxicological and ecotoxicological properties. Finally, it leads to a reduction in ethylene formation because structural similarity to ascorbic acid, a co-substrate of aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid oxidase, another dioxygenase involved in ethylene biosynthesis. Reduced ethylene levels together with increased availability of assimilate no longer required for shoot growth explain the increase in fruit set. It improves the process of photosynthesis by increasing the concentration of chlorophyll per unit area of the leaf and the content of carbohydrates in the tissues of the bark. It participates in secondary metabolite pathways associated with antioxidant and increases plant secondary metabolites. Thus, it can be widely used in agriculture to increase production and product quality.

Evaluation and Molecular Characterization of Native Fluorescent Pseudomonads against Fungal and Bacterial Wilt of Brinjal

Paper ID- AMA-13-09-2022-11673

Brinjal (Solanum melongena L) is one of the most common vegetable crops grown in tropical & subtropical regions of the world. Brinjal cultivation is affected by various pest and diseases. The soil borne diseases like fungal and bacterial wilt are the most destructive diseases of brinjal. These are caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melongenaeSchlecht (Fungal wilt)Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al. (Bacterial wilt). Under the present investigation two isolates of FluorescentPseudomonads (FLPs) viz., FLP-Brinjal 2020-1 and FLP-Brinjal 2020-2, were evaluated against two major pathogens of brinjal viz., Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melongenae (FOM) andRalstonia solanacearum(RAL)under in vivo and in vitro conditions using dual culture and inverted plate assay. FLP-Brinjal 2020-2 gave maximum inhibition over the control followed by FLP-Brinjal 2020-1 against both the pathogens. Experiments conducted in pluck trays indicated that FLP-Brinjal 2020-2 was superior with maximum germination percentage (63.75%), vigour index (650), disease control percentage (58.66%), bio-control efficiency, plant growth (10.20 cm) and minimum disease incidence (20.62%) against bacterial wilt pathogen. Similarly, under brinjal fungal wilt experiment maximum bio-control efficiency, plant growth (11.20 cm) and minimum disease incidence (%) (24.81%) among the Fusarium challenged treatment was found with FLP-Brinjal 2020-2. The identity and diversity among the FLP isolates were examined by sequence analysis of 16s rRNA gene. The gene was amplified by PCR using primers pair, 27 F/1492 R. Amplified DNA products were sequenced, and analysed by BLAST programme at NCBI database for species identification. Among the 10 FLP isolates assessed, 9 were found to have maximum similarity with Pseudomonas aeruginosa includingFLP 2020-2 and FLP 2020-1 was found to be Pseudomonas fluorescence which is in confirmation with the morphological observations.

PERFORMANCE AND RESOURCE OPTIMIZATION OF DIRECT SEEDED TECHNOLOGY WITH SEED CUM FERTI DRILL IN RICE

Paper ID- AMA-13-09-2022-11672

Direct seeded rice (DSR) is a feasible alternative to conventional puddled transplanted rice with good potential to save water, reduce labour requirement, mitigate green-house gas (GHG) emission and adapt to climatic risks. Paddy is major predominant crop during Kharif in erstwhile Nalgonda district of Telangana, cultivated in an area of 3,95,090 ha, out of total cropped area of 6,87,966ha with productivity of 2664 kg/ha. Production of conventional puddled transplanted rice is facing severe constraints because of water and labour scarcity and climatic changes. The yields are comparable with transplanted rice if crop is properly managed. In 2019 to 2021, efforts have been made in promoting the DSR technology in Nalgonda with collaboration with Reddy’s foundation under Corporate Social responsibility by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kampasagar of PJTSAU university. Direct sowing of Rice with Seed cum Ferti Drill is boon to farmers to save money, time, water and crop comes to harvest 7-10 days earlier than normal transplanted paddy. KVK, Kampasagar, Nalgonda extension centre has organized Frontline Demonstrations (FLDs) in farmer fields in two seasons Kharif, 2020 and Kharif, 2021. Direct sowing of Rice with Ferti Cum Seed Drill recorded 12.90 % more grain yield over normal transplanting method of paddy cultivation during both Kharif seasons. The results from the present study showed that farmers realized 53.0% increase in net income due to increased grain yield by 12.90% with reduction of cost of cultivation by 31.80%, it could be attributed to reduction in manual labour of 6man labour and 30 women labour and also increase in yield attributes and yield.