Journal ID : AMA-08-08-2023-12500
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 08]
Total View : 413

Title : Millet-A Brief Review on its's Insect pests and Their Management strategies in Idian Continent

Abstract :

Millets are known as the oldest nutri-cereals to human being. Millets are attacked both in field and storage conditions by more than a hundred insect pests out of which some are widespread in millet-growing regions. Incidence of the insect pests on millet is region as well as season specific. In Indian subcontinent, insects belonging to lepidoptera, coleopteran, diptera are more significantly abundant in millet growing areas as regular and sporadic pests. Among these, white grub, stem borers, shoot flies and some sucking insects are most significant at different growth stages of the crop. Also, incidences of armyworms, grasshoppers, chinch bugs, leaf beetles, head caterpillars, and head bugs are responsible for significant yield losses. During the rainy season, storage bugs are more common. There is a need for more in-depth research on the incidence and management of major insect pests of millet in relation to climate change. The management strategies vary depending on the agro ecosystem and the pest complex. However, a combination of cultural practices and resistant cultivars has proven effective. In order to minimise the usage of insecticides, which are frequently used in pest endemic areas and during outbreaks, an integrated approach to pest management in millets can be provided with a thorough study on insect pests of millets and reviewing all established management strategies and incorporating the interchange of genetic material and research data.

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